Formal wear for women-wikipedia
When of identical textile , and worn with a collared dress shirt , necktie , and dress shoes , it is traditionally considered informal wear in Western dress codes. The lounge suit originated in 19th-century Britain as more casual wear alternative for sportswear and British country clothing. After replacing the black frock coat in the early 20th century as regular daywear, a sober one-coloured suit became known as a lounge suit. A darker, understated lounge suit for professional occasions became known as a business suit.
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: 10 WORKWEAR ESSENTIALS Every Woman Needs to Own - How to Start Your First Work Wardrobe - Miss LouieContent:
Clothing also known as clothes , apparel and attire is items worn on the body. Clothing is typically made of fabrics or textiles but over time has included garments made from animal skin or other thin sheets of materials put together.
The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on gender, body type, social, and geographic considerations. Clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements , rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites , splinters , thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment.
Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions, and they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation. Wearing clothes is also a social norm , and being deprived of clothing in front of others may be embarrassing. In most parts of the world, not wearing clothes in public so that genitals , breasts or buttocks are visible could be considered indecent exposure.
There is no easy way to determine when clothing was first developed. Estimates by various experts have ranged from 40, to 3 million years ago. Some more recent studies involving the evolution of body lice have implied a more recent development with some indicating a development of around , years ago and others indicating as little as 40, No single estimate is widely accepted. The most obvious function of clothing is to protect the wearer from the elements.
In hot weather, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage. In the cold it offers thermal insulation. Shelter can reduce the functional need for clothing. For example, coats , hats , gloves and other outer layers are normally removed when entering a warm place. Similarly, clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials and fewer layers of clothing are generally worn in warmer regions and seasons than in colder ones.
Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual, occupational and gender differentiation, and social status. Clothing may also function as adornment and an expression of personal taste or style. Clothing has been made from a very wide variety of materials, ranging from leather and furs to woven fabrics to elaborate and exotic natural and synthetic fabrics.
Not all body coverings are regarded as clothing. Articles carried rather than worn such as purses , worn on a single part of the body and easily removed scarves , worn purely for adornment jewelry , or those that serve a function other than protection eyeglasses , are normally considered accessories rather than clothing.
Clothing protects against many things that might injure or irritate the uncovered human body, including rain, snow, wind, and other weather, as well as from the sun. Garments that are too sheer, thin, small or tight offer less protection.
Appropriate clothes can also reduce risk during activities such as work or sport. Some clothing protects from specific hazards, such as insects , noxious chemicals, weather, weapons , and contact with abrasive substances. Humans have devised clothing solutions to environmental or other hazards: such as space suits , air conditioned clothing , armor , diving suits , swimsuits , bee-keeper gear , motorcycle leathers , high-visibility clothing , and other pieces of protective clothing. The distinction between clothing and protective equipment is not always clear-cut, since clothes designed to be fashionable often have protective value and clothes designed for function often consider fashion in their design.
The choice of clothes also has social implications. They cover parts of the body that social norms require to be covered, act as a form of adornment, and serve other social purposes. Someone who lacks the means to procure reasonable clothing due to poverty or affordability, or simply lack of inclination, is sometimes said to be scruffy, ragged, or shabby. Serious books on clothing and its functions appear from the 19th century as imperialists dealt with new environments such as India and the tropics.
A Hindu North Indian wedding, with the groom wearing a sherwani and pagri turban , while the bride in a sari. Red carpet fashion : Italian actors Gabriel Garko and Laura Torrisi wearing designer dress code , The man is in suit and the woman is wearing a gown.
In most cultures, gender differentiation of clothing is considered appropriate. The differences are in styles, colors, fabrics, and types. In Western societies, skirts , dresses , and high-heeled shoes are usually seen as women's clothing, while neckties are usually seen as men's clothing.
Trousers were once seen as exclusively men's clothing, but can nowadays be worn by both genders. Men's clothes are often more practical that is, they can function well under a wide variety of situations , but a wider range of clothing styles are available for women. Men are typically allowed to bare their chests in a greater variety of public places. It is generally common for a woman to wear clothing perceived as masculine, while the opposite is seen as unusual. In some cultures, sumptuary laws regulate what men and women are required to wear.
Islam requires women to wear more modest forms of attire, usually hijab. What qualifies as "modest" varies in different Muslim societies; however, women are usually required to cover more of their bodies than men.
Articles of clothing Muslim women wear for modesty range from the head-scarf to the burqa. Men may sometimes choose to wear men's skirts such as togas or kilts in particular cultures, especially on ceremonial occasions. Such garments were in previous times often worn as normal daily clothing by men. Clothing designed to be worn by either sex is called unisex clothing. Unisex clothes, such as T-shirts, tend to be cut straighter to fit a wider variety of bodies. The majority of unisex clothing styles have started out as menswear, but some articles, like the fedora , were originally worn by women.
Achkan sherwani and churidar lower body worn by Arvind Singh Mewar and his kin during a Hindu wedding in Rajasthan, India. Traditionally, these clothes were worn by the elites of the Indian subcontinent. A Barong Tagalog made for a wedding ceremony. Alim Khan 's bemedaled robe sends a social message about his wealth, status, and power. In some societies, clothing may be used to indicate rank or status. In ancient Rome , for example, only senators could wear garments dyed with Tyrian purple.
In traditional Hawaiian society, only high-ranking chiefs could wear feather cloaks and palaoa, or carved whale teeth. In China, before establishment of the republic , only the emperor could wear yellow. History provides many examples of elaborate sumptuary laws that regulated what people could wear. In societies without such laws, which includes most modern societies, social status is instead signaled by the purchase of rare or luxury items that are limited by cost to those with wealth or status.
In addition, peer pressure influences clothing choice. Originating from ancient India , these robes were worn by fully ordained Buddhist monks and nuns. Muslim men traditionally wear white robes and a cap during prayers. Non-liturgical clothing worn by Christian clerics. Some religious clothing might be considered a special case of occupational clothing. Sometimes it is worn only during the performance of religious ceremonies.
However, it may also be worn every day as a marker for special religious status. For example, Jains and Muslim men wear unstitched cloth pieces when performing religious ceremonies. The unstitched cloth signifies unified and complete devotion to the task at hand, with no digression. The cleanliness of religious dresses in some religions such as Hinduism , Sikhism , Buddhism , Islam and Jainism is of paramount importance since it indicates purity.
Clothing appears in numerous contexts in the Bible ; the most prominent passages are: the story of Adam and Eve who made coverings for themselves out of fig leaves , Joseph 's cloak , Judah and Tamar , Mordecai and Esther.
Furthermore, the priests officiating in the Temple in Jerusalem had very specific garments, the lack of which made one liable to death. The Quran says about husbands and wives, regarding clothing: " Jewish ritual also requires rending of one's upper garment as a sign of mourning.
Christian clergy members wear religious vestments during liturgical services and may wear specific non-liturgical clothing at other times. According to archaeologists and anthropologists, the earliest clothing likely consisted of fur , leather , leaves, or grass that were draped, wrapped, or tied around the body.
Knowledge of such clothing remains inferential, since clothing materials deteriorate quickly compared to stone, bone, shell and metal artifacts. Archeologists have identified very early sewing needles of bone and ivory from about 30, BC, found near Kostenki , Russia in Scientists are still debating when people started wearing clothes.
Ralf Kittler, Manfred Kayser and Mark Stoneking, anthropologists at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , have conducted a genetic analysis of human body lice that suggests clothing originated around , years ago.
Body lice are an indicator of clothes-wearing, since most humans have sparse body hair, and lice thus require human clothing to survive. Their research suggests that the invention of clothing may have coincided with the northward migration of modern Homo sapiens away from the warm climate of Africa , thought to have begun between 50, and , years ago. However, a second group of researchers using similar genetic methods estimate that clothing originated around , years ago. Some human cultures, such as the various peoples of the Arctic Circle , traditionally make their clothing entirely of prepared and decorated furs and skins.
Other cultures supplemented or replaced leather and skins with cloth: woven, knitted, or twined from various animal and vegetable fibers including wool, linen , cotton , silk , hemp, and ramie. Although modern consumers may take the production of clothing for granted, making fabric by hand is a tedious and labor-intensive process involving fiber making, spinning, and weaving.
Different cultures have evolved various ways of creating clothes out of cloth. One approach simply involves draping the cloth. The clothes may simply be tied up dhoti and sari ; or pins or belts hold the garments in place kilt and sarong.
The cloth remains uncut, and people of various sizes can wear the garment. Another approach involves measuring, cutting, and sewing the cloth by hand or with a sewing machine. Clothing can be cut from a sewing pattern and adjusted by a tailor to the wearer's measurements. An adjustable sewing mannequin or dress form is used to create form-fitting clothing.
If the fabric is expensive, the tailor tries to use every bit of the cloth rectangle in constructing the clothing; perhaps cutting triangular pieces from one corner of the cloth, and adding them elsewhere as gussets. Traditional European patterns for men's shirts and women's chemises take this approach. These remnants can also be reused to make patchwork hats, vests, and skirts.
Western dress codes are dress codes in Western culture about what clothes are worn for what occasion. Classifications are traditionally divided into formal wear full dress , semi-formal wear half dress , and informal wear undress. The first two sometimes in turn divided into day and evening wear.
In Western clothing semi-formal is a grouping of dress codes indicating the sort of clothes worn to events with a level of protocol between informal e. In the modern era, the typical interpretation for men is black tie for evening wear and black lounge suit for day wear, corresponded by evening dress or cocktail dress for women. In addition, equivalent versions may be permitted of semi-formally applicable ceremonial dresses including court dresses , diplomatic uniforms and academic dresses , full dress uniforms , religious clothing , and national costumes , and military mess dresses. For evening wear after 6 p.
Fashion of the s featured a number of diverse trends. It was a decade that broke many fashion traditions, mirroring social movements during the time. Around the middle of the decade, fashions arising from small pockets of young people in a few urban centres received large amounts of media publicity, and began to heavily influence both the haute couture of elite designers and the mass-market manufacturers. Examples include the mini skirt , culottes , go-go boots , and more experimental fashions, less often seen on the street, such as curved bad-shaped PVC dresses and other PVC clothes. Mary Quant popularised the mini skirt, and Jackie Kennedy introduced the pillbox hat ;  both became extremely popular. False eyelashes were worn by women throughout the s. Hairstyles were a variety of lengths and styles. In the early-to-mid s, London "Modernists" known as Mods influenced male fashion in Britain. American fashions in the early years of the decade reflected the elegance of the First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy.
Casual wear casual attire or clothing is a Western dress code that is relaxed, occasional, spontaneous and suited for everyday use. Casual wear became popular in the Western world following the counterculture of the s. When emphasising casual wear's comfort, it may be referred to as leisurewear. While casual is " informal " in the sense of "not formal", informal attire traditionally refers to a Western dress code associated with suits - a step below semi-formal attire - thus being more formal than casual attire.
On the scale of formality, it is considered less formal than semi-formal wear but more formal than casual wear , yet retaining availability for more personal expression than semi-formal wear. Thus, informal should not be confused with casual wear such as business casual or smart casual despite that some people may refer loosely to informal dress as "formal" in contrast with merely casual. The suit originated as leisure wear in the late 19th century but eventually replaced the frock coat as every day wear in the city.
Clothing also known as clothes , apparel and attire is items worn on the body. Clothing is typically made of fabrics or textiles but over time has included garments made from animal skin or other thin sheets of materials put together. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies.
Black tie is a semi-formal Western dress code for evening events, originating in British and American conventions for attire in the 19th century. In British English , the dress code is often referred to synecdochically by its principal element for men, the dinner suit or dinner jacket. In American English tuxedo is common. The dinner suit is a black, midnight blue or white two- or three-piece suit , distinguished by satin or grosgrain jacket lapels and similar stripes along the outseam of the trousers. It is worn with a white dress shirt with standing or turndown collar and link cuffs , a black bow tie , typically an evening waist coat or a cummerbund , and black patent leather dress shoes or court pumps.
1960s in fashion
A cocktail dress is a dress suitable at semi-formal occasions, sometimes called cocktail parties , usually in the late afternoon, and usually with accessories. After , it was more common to see women in a social context. With the help of liberation organizations, the idea of a "modern woman" began to rise, and soon the "drinking woman" could be seen in business settings. These parties usually began after P. This practical and fashionable garment became a popular uniform for progressive elite women in the s.
A dress code is a set of rules, often written, with regards to clothing. Dress codes are created out of social perceptions and norms, and vary based on purpose, circumstances, and occasions. Different societies and cultures are likely to have different dress codes, Western dress codes being a prominent example. Dress codes are symbolic indications of different social ideas, including social class , cultural identity , attitude towards comfort, tradition, and political or religious affiliations. In seventh through the ninth centuries, the European royalty and nobility used a dress code to differentiate themselves from other classes of people.
Clothing terminology comprises the names of individual garments and classes of garments, as well as the specialized vocabularies of the trades that have designed , manufactured , marketed and sold clothing over hundreds of years. Clothing terminology ranges from the arcane watchet , a pale blue color name from the 16th century t-shirt , and changes over time in response to fashion which in turn reflects social , artistic , and political trends. Despite the constant introduction of new terms by fashion designers , clothing manufacturers, and marketers, the names for several basic garment classes in English are very stable over time. Gown from Medieval Latin gunna was a basic clothing term for hundreds of years, referring to a garment that hangs from the shoulders.
An evening gown , evening dress or gown is a long flowing [ further explanation needed ] dress usually worn to formal occasions. The drop ranges from ballerina mid-calf to just above the ankles , tea above the ankles , to full-length. Silk is a popular fibre for many evening gowns.
Formal wear , formal attire or full dress is the traditional Western dress code category applicable for the most formal occasions, such as weddings , christenings , confirmations , funerals , Easter and Christmas traditions , in addition to certain state dinners , audiences , balls , and horse racing events. Formal wear is traditionally divided into formal day and evening wear; implying morning dress morning coat before 6 p. In addition, formal wear is often instructed to be worn with official full size orders and medals. The protocol indicating particularly men's traditional formal wear has remained virtually unchanged since the early 20th century.
Fashion is a popular aesthetic expression at a particular time, place and in a specific context, especially in clothing , footwear , lifestyle , accessories , makeup , hairstyle , and body proportions. Baroque , Rococo , etc. According to sociologist Pierre Bourdieu , fashion connotes "the latest fashion, the latest difference. Even though they are often used together, the term fashion differs from clothes and costumes, where the first describes the material and technical garment, whereas the second has been relegated to special senses like fancy-dress or masquerade wear. Fashion instead describes the social and temporal system that "activates" dress as a social signifier in a certain time and context.
A gown , from the Saxon word , gunna ,  is a usually loose outer garment from knee- to full-length worn by men and women in Europe from the Early Middle Ages to the 17th century, and continuing today in certain professions; later, gown was applied to any full-length woman's garment consisting of a bodice and attached skirt. A long, loosely fitted gown called a Banyan was worn by men in the 18th century as an informal coat. The gowns worn today by academics , judges , and some clergy derive directly from the everyday garments worn by their medieval predecessors, formalized into a uniform in the course of the 16th and 17th centuries.