Male partner is infertile
Resources and videos. Having a baby is generally a simple and natural experience. However, for some couples it can be difficult to conceive a child. As a male, your fertility generally depends on the quantity and quality of your sperm. If the number of sperm you ejaculate is low, or if the sperm are of a poor quality, it will be difficult, and in some cases impossible, to get pregnant. Both you and partner should be tested for reproductive problems at the same time.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Understanding Male Infertility
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What to know about male infertility l GMAContent:
Understanding Male Infertility
Resources and videos. Having a baby is generally a simple and natural experience. However, for some couples it can be difficult to conceive a child. As a male, your fertility generally depends on the quantity and quality of your sperm. If the number of sperm you ejaculate is low, or if the sperm are of a poor quality, it will be difficult, and in some cases impossible, to get pregnant. Both you and partner should be tested for reproductive problems at the same time.
Find out more about semen analysis and sperm health. Infertility is a widespread issue. Therefore, the man contributes to infertility in around half of all cases. About one in 20 men have low numbers of sperm, causing infertility. However, only about one in every men has no sperm at all. In most cases, there are no obvious signs of infertility. There are medical tests that can help work out the cause. Blockages often called obstructions in the tubes leading from the testicles to the penis can stop you ejaculating sperm.
Sexual problems that affect whether semen is able to enter the vagina one in infertile couples. Low levels of hormones made in the pituitary gland a hormone controller in the brain that affect the testicles one in infertile men. Sperm antibodies proteins that fight against sperm, which are found in one in 16 infertile men. In most men, sperm antibodies will not affect the chance of a pregnancy, but in some cases it can reduce your fertility.
Some changes to chromosomes or gene mutations can cause infertility because they harm sperm production or block the flow of sperm. The most common genetic causes of infertility are chromosomal conditions that affect the way that sperm is produced. These include:.
Y chromosome deletions a condition where you have genetic material missing from your Y chromosome that is important for sperm production. Other genetic problems, such as Down syndrome. We think that other genetic conditions will be discovered in the future that will help explain other sperm production problems with no known cause. Even if one partner has a child from another relationship, both partners should get tests done.
Your doctor will usually ask for your medical history, conduct a physical examination and do a semen analysis. This will check the number, shape and movement of your sperm. In some cases, your doctor will test your urine to see if sperm are present, which can occur when there is retrograde ejaculation. One in eight infertile men have a treatable condition, and after treatment, couples can become pregnant naturally.
In some cases, your doctor will recommend that you and your partner seek assisted reproductive treatment used to achieve pregnancy , such as in vitro fertilisation IVF. At this stage, there are no treatments to fix genetic causes of infertility. We also recommended that couples trying to conceive stay away from harmful chemicals. This might be because of less sexual activity, lower semen volume, changes to sperm movement, a lower number of properly working sperm, or possibly lower sperm function and DNA quality.
The chance of the child having some genetic or chromosomal problem also gets higher when you get older. Talking with a doctor, a sexual therapist or counsellor can often help with any negative feelings you might be having.
How long have you and your partner been trying to conceive? Have you been having sex at least twice a week during this time? Do you and your partner focus sex on the fertile time of the month and how do you know when that is?
Did you have undescended testicles as an infant? Have you ever had pelvic surgery or treatments for cancer? Fact sheet. Information guide. Clinical summary guide. You are here Mens health. Male infertility. What is male infertility? How common is infertility? What are the symptoms of male infertility? What causes male infertility? Sometimes, male infertility is simply genetic.
What are the genetic causes of male infertility? How is infertility diagnosed? What are the treatments for infertility? Can I do anything to prevent male infertility? Can older age cause male fertility problems? How to cope with infertility. Turning to family, partners and friends for support can also help. Questions to ask your doctor If my semen analysis comes back normal, will you do some other tests?
What lifestyle changes could help improve my sperm quality? Things to think about before your appointment How long have you and your partner been trying to conceive? Fact sheet Genetic causes of male infertility fact sheet.
Download PDF. Information guide Male infertility information guide. Fact sheet Male infertility fact sheet. Clinical summary guide Male infertility clinical summary guide 5. Video Men, sperm and healthy babies. Video What are the causes and consequences of male infertility? Video Male infertility - Diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Video Male infertility - Symptoms and causes.
Dealing With Infertility When He Has the Issue
Semen analysis and sperm counts aren't the most enticing topics of conversation for most men, but if you're having trouble conceiving, you may need to have "the talk" with your guy. When couples experience infertility, there's often a misconception that the problem is the woman's. But according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility issues are split evenly between males and females. Each group is responsible for 30 percent of infertility, and the rest is attributable to a combination of both male and female factors or unexplained reasons. Therefore, it's important to have both partners' fertility checked if you're having trouble getting pregnant.
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While either one or both of the partners may contribute to the reproductive challenges of the couple, male infertility, like female infertility, is a clinical diagnosis that can only be determined after formal assessment and testing. One in eight couples have trouble getting pregnant or sustaining a pregnancy. Approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third attributed to the male partner and one-third is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, is unexplained. Male infertility is more common in environments with high levels of environmental pollution, including water contaminants, pesticides and herbicides. Some recent population studies have suggested that sperm counts have been declining universally even though infertility has not been increasing substantially. In at least half of male infertility cases, doctors cannot identify an exact cause. For the remaining cases, infertility is either due to environmental, genetic or other identifiable factors.
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Up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. This means they aren't able to conceive a child, even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In over a third of these couples, male infertility plays a role.
What is Male Infertility?
‘It tears every part of your life away’: the truth about male infertility